Sailing ships

Sailing ships



Barque (Bark)
Sailing ships with at least three masts and square-rigged on all masts except the mizzenmas. Three masted barque have been the most common type, but four-masted and also some five masted has occurred. The four-masted barque was the most economical for ocean voyages, and this type was the sailing ship that lasted longest of the cargo sailing ships.


Medium size two-masted merchant sailing ships, square-rigged on both masts. The brig sailed well and could be used in narrow waters. The square sail required a comparatively large crew, which made the brig uneconomical and therefore they came early out of service. Brigs were rare already during WWII.


Brigantine (Square sail schooner)
Two-masted sailing ships with square sail rigged on the foremast only.


Very fast sailing ships with three or more square rigged masts. The hull was narrow for its length with a hydrodynamically efficient bow.


Cutter (Sloop)
Originally meant a one-mastad yacht, for-and-aft rigged with gaff sail, top sail, stay sail and jip. Modern bermuda rigged yachts with stay sail and jib is nowadays called Cutter aswell.

Full rigged ship

Sailing ships with three or more square rigged masts.


Fore-and-aft rigged two-masted sailing ships. The foremast higher than the mizzenmast and the mizzen-mast placed ahead of the rudderpost.


Sailing ships with two or more similarly hight fore-and-aft rigged masts. On a two-masted schooner the aft mast is up.

Stay sail schooner

Staysail schooner
The staysail rig is a relatively modern rig for yachts. It was designed in USA in the thirties. The staysail schooner has no gaff-foresail and nor gaff-mainsail, all the sail are staysail.

Top sail schooner

Topsail schooner
Sailing ship with all masts for-and-aft rigged, but square top sail and often a top gallant sail on the foremast.


Fore-and-aft rigged two-masted sailing ship or sailing boat. The foremast higher than the mizzen-mast and the mizzen-mast placed aft of the rudderpost.